Deprecated: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in /home/freehos1/public_html/projectus/core/open_close_dbase_connection.php on line 0

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/freehos1/public_html/projectus/High-Speed-ASIC-Implementation-of-Chirp-Z-Transformation/index.php(0) : eval()'d code on line 22

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/freehos1/public_html/projectus/High-Speed-ASIC-Implementation-of-Chirp-Z-Transformation/index.php(0) : eval()'d code on line 35

Deprecated: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in /home/freehos1/public_html/projectus/scripts/get_ad_type_position.php on line 0

Deprecated: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in /home/freehos1/public_html/projectus/scripts/load_ads.php on line 0

Deprecated: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in /home/freehos1/public_html/projectus/scripts/sponsor_found.php on line 0

Deprecated: mysql_connect(): The mysql extension is deprecated and will be removed in the future: use mysqli or PDO instead in /home/freehos1/public_html/projectus/scripts/load_links.php on line 0

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/freehos1/public_html/projectus/High-Speed-ASIC-Implementation-of-Chirp-Z-Transformation/index.php(0) : eval()'d code on line 161

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/freehos1/public_html/projectus/High-Speed-ASIC-Implementation-of-Chirp-Z-Transformation/index.php(0) : eval()'d code on line 164

Deprecated: Function split() is deprecated in /home/freehos1/public_html/projectus/High-Speed-ASIC-Implementation-of-Chirp-Z-Transformation/index.php(0) : eval()'d code on line 167
details of squaring algorithm what is squaring algorithm
projectus.freehost7.com:UG and PG level projects,mini projects and many more here ...



 

 

 

 

 

 

                                   

Details of Squaring Algorithm:What is squaring algorithm

Consider an integer n whose square is to be determined. Now if we know the square of , then we can easily compute the square of ‘n’. Here ‘n2’ can be written as,

                                           (4.13)                                                  

               (4.14)                                      

An integer X can be expressed as,

                                                  (4.15)

                                                                       

Now we consider. So X can be written as,

                                                                               (4.16)

                                                                       

                 (4.17)

                                               

                                                                              (4.18)

                                                                       

Illustration:- Consider the number X=”1110”=1410 whose square is to be determined. X2 can be represented as,

 

. Here, N=4. ‘1100’ can be represented as,

.  can be expressed as, .

So  can be represented as, .

 

 Flow chart of squaring algorithm shown in fig. 13. Variation of leakage power and time delay  with respect to input bits are shown in fig. 14 and fig. 15 respectively.

 

 

Fig(13)   Flow chart of squaring algorithm  

 

 

 

 

Fig.14.variation of leakage power

 

Fig.15.Performance graph of time delay